PBX What is PBX ?
PBX what is Pbx? PBX or in other word A private branch exchange ( PBX) is a telephone exchange that serves a particular business or office, as opposed to one that a common carrier or telephone company operates for many businesses or for the general public. PBX are also referred to as:
PABX – private automatic branch exchange
EPABX – electronic private automatic branch exchange
PBX make connections among the internal telephones of a private organization—usually a business—and also connect them to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) via trunk lines or Central Office ( CO ). Because they incorporate telephones, fax machines, modems, and more, the general term “extension” is used to refer to any end point on the branch.
PBX are differentiated from “key systems” in that users of key systems manually select their own outgoing lines, while PBX select the outgoing line automatically.Hybrid systems combine features between PBX and KEY SYSTEM.
Initially, the primary advantage of PBX was cost savings on internal phone calls: handling the circuit switching locally reduced charges for local phone service. As PBX gained popularity, they started offering services that were not available in the operator network, such as hunt groups, call forwarding, and extension dialing. In the 1960s a simulated PBX known as Centrex provided similar features from the central telephone exchange.
Two significant developments during the 1990s led to new types of PBX systems. One was the massive growth of data networks and increased public understanding of packet switching. Companies needed packet switched networks for data, so using them for telephone calls was tempting, and the availability of the Internet as a global delivery system made packet switched communications even more attractive. These factors led to the development of the VoIP PBX. (Technically, nothing was being “exchanged” any more, but the abbreviation PBX was so widely understood that it remained in use.)
The other trend was the idea of focusing on core competence. PBX services had always been hard to arrange for smaller companies, and many companies realized that handling their own telephony was not their core competence. These considerations gave rise to the concept of hosted PBX. In a hosted setup, the PBX is located at and managed by the telephone service provider, and features and calls are delivered via the Internet. The customer just signs up for a service, rather than buying and maintaining expensive hardware. This essentially removes the branch from the private premises, moving it to a central location.
History OF PBX
The term PBX was first applied when switchboard operators ran company switchboards by hand. As automated electromechanical and then electronic switching systems gradually began to replace the manual systems, the terms PABX (private automatic branch exchange) and PMBX (private manual branch exchange) were used to differentiate them. Solid state digital systems were sometimes referred to as EPABXs (electronic private automatic branch exchange). Now, the term PBX is by far the most widely recognized. The acronym is now applied to all types of complex, in-house telephony switching systems, even if they are not private, branches, or exchanging anything.
PBX are distinguished from smaller “key systems” by the fact that external lines are not normally indicated or selectable at an individual extension. From a user’s point of view, calls on a key system are made by selecting a specific outgoing line and dialing the external number. A PBX, in contrast, has a dial plan. Users dial an escape code (usually a single digit; often the same as the first digit of the local emergency telephone number) that connects them to an outside line (DDCO or Direct Dial Central Office in Bell System jargon), followed by the external number. Some modern number analysis systems allow users to dial internal and external numbers without escape codes by use of a dialplan which specifies how calls to numbers beginning with certain prefixes should be routed.
Artcle source wikipedia.org=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pbx